An upper blepharoplasty, one of the most common upper eyelid procedures, involves the removal of excess skin from the upper eyelids. The goal is to produce a more alert, rejuvenated and natural appearance to the eyes, without creating a “surprised” unnatural look. For male patients, the goal is conservative surgery in order to prevent “feminization” of the eyelids.
A lower blepharoplasty, also known as a lower eyelid surgery, involves the removal of excess skin and fatty tissue that cause undereye bags. The goal of lower eyelid surgery is to create a natural, non-surgical, more youthful and rested appearance to the face.
Canthoplasty is a cosmetic surgical procedure that corrects uneven or sagging eyelids. It is a delicate and specialized procedure that you want performed only by a highly skilled oculoplastic surgeon who has significant experience in cosmetic eyelid procedures, like Dr. Marshak in Palm Desert, California.
Ptosis repair surgery involves tightening one of the two muscles responsible for opening the eyelid. Most of the time, this can be done on the back side of the upper lid (the side facing the eyeball) so that there is no scar. Other times, an incision is made in the lid crease of the upper eyelid in order to locate and tighten one of the muscles. Surgery to correct ptosis generally involves tightening one or both muscles responsible for raising the eyelid.
Lid retraction repair is the surgical procedure that restores the upper or lower eyelid into their proper positions if they have retracted or fallen back from eye in an unnatural, uncomfortable or unsightly position.
Conditions such as aging, prior surgery or trauma can lead to weakening of the lower eyelid. If the lower eyelid weakens enough, the lid may rotate outward. This condition is known as ectropion. Ectropion can cause chronic eye irritation and tearing because the eye is constantly exposed to air.
When cancer invades the skin and surrounding tissue of the eyelid, surgery is typically required to remove it and as much affected tissue as possible. Several types of skin cancer can affect the eyelids. The most common are basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Eyelid cancers are usually slow growing, however because there is very little eyelid tissue to begin with, it is best to excise the lesion as soon as possible.
Lacrimal surgery is a surgical procedure that creates a new tear duct between the eye and nose when the duct has become permanently dysfunctional and causes excessive tearing.
Orbital decompression is a surgical procedure that aims to create space within the orbital socket due to certain conditions that cause constriction or irritation of the eyeball as sits in the socket.
Enucleation is the surgical procedure that removes the entire globe (eyeball) while leaving the surrounding orbital and periorbital structures intact. In contrast, Evisceration is the surgical procedure that removes all the contents of the eye except the sclera (the white part of the eye) and the eye muscles.